Family Business Matters 11/26 08:53
Three Questions to Guide Management Succession
Reduce the succession challenge to a few key points to help hand off an
operation to the next generation.
DTN Farm Business Adviser
Planning for the management transition on your farm or ranch can seem like
an overwhelming task. You've been managing a multitude of business decisions
for decades and each year tends to hand you a season or situation requiring
judgment based on those cumulative experiences. The business has gotten bigger,
volatility and complexity have increased and labor is harder to come by. How
will the next generation handle it all?
I often find it helpful to try to reduce a challenge to a few key questions.
In the case of management succession, consider the following as you look to
hand off the operation.
1. IS THERE SOMEONE AVAILABLE TO RECEIVE THE HANDOFF?
As young people have moved away from the farm or ranch, you may find
yourself with no one available to continue the business. In this case, you have
One is to simply stop farming or ranching and sell your assets. Another is
to work with a neighbor or a younger farmer in the area to take over the
business while it is running -- what accountants call a "going concern."
Finally, if you have employees who are good managers, another option is to
help them step into leadership to continue to farm the land or run the ranch.
In these cases, because the transition likely involves your financial assets in
addition to your management skills, make sure you visit with your tax adviser
and give yourself a window of two to five years for planning purposes.
2. IS THE NEXT GENERATION READY TO MANAGE?
When handing over a business from one generation to the next, you should
feel some level of comfort with the skills and capacity of the next generation.
However, at issue here is not whether the next generation has handled every
conceivable situation and has every task mastered. Sure, those family members
need to have the experience to manage critical activities. But the key to a
successful generational transition is a sense of confidence that the next
generation will figure out the right answers. In other words, does the next
generation have some understanding of what they don't know and are they willing
to ask for help? If they are, it indicates a level of readiness.
3. ARE YOU READY TO LET GO?
The third question revolves around your willingness -- and ability -- to let
someone else manage the business. Many people often feel ready and will even
say so, but their actions suggest they are not ready for someone else to take
Perhaps a better way to assess your readiness is to articulate what you are
looking forward to after you stop managing. Do you know what you will do? Is
there a vision, some excitement, about your next chapter? Where, beyond the
business, will you make a worthwhile contribution? If you don't have something
pulling you away from the farm or ranch, there is a good chance you will not
want to leave, which will create challenges for the transition.
You don't have to be totally absent for a successful transition; many senior
generation members are an important part of the team throughout the year. But
you need to be interested in something beyond the farm or ranch to fully let go
of management decisions.
A management transition of the farm or ranch is one of the most significant
events of your lifetime. It's worth taking some time to reflect on your
successors, their readiness and especially your preparedness for the process.
Thinking and planning now can mean decades of opportunities and happiness for
those who come after you.
Write Lance Woodbury at Family Business Matters, 2204 Lakeshore Dr., Suite
415, Birmingham, AL 35209, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
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